Brown Bears

BROWN BEARS

URSUS ARCTOS

Brown bears have a muscular shoulder hump, which allows them to dig up roots and rocky ground to build dens and tear apart logs to find food.

Subspecies of brown bear include the Kodiak bear, the Eurasian brown bear and the grizzly bear.

Brown bears don’t fully hibernate but do go into a deep winter sleep for 5-6 months from October/November, sometimes going for more than 100 days without eating or drinking. During this time the bear’s heart rate and body temperature drops, they curl up to conserve heat and can lose up to 40% of their body weight.  

A pregnant female brown bear will typically give birth to between one and three cubs during winter, following a gestation of 180-260 days. 

*International Union for Conservation of Nature is the world’s main authority on the conservation status of species.

  • IUCN* STATUS

    Least Concern

  • POPULATION

    200,000 ⚫

  • DIET

    Omnivorous – berries, apples, nuts, roots, sprouts, fungi, fish, insects and small mammals

  • HABITAT

    From arctic shrub land to temperate rainforests, alpine meadows and coastal areas

  • LOCATION

    Northern Europe, Asia & North America

ISSUES

Although the worldwide brown bear population is fairly large, localised populations are fragmented and decreasing due to habitat loss, human conflict and hunting. Southern populations are more fragmented than those in the northern end of their range.  

Bears are inquisitive and opportunistic and suffer in captive situations, such as zoos and circuses, displaying their distress through abnormal behaviours, including bar-biting, swaying from side to side and even self-mutilation.  Historically, cruel methods were employed to force ‘dancing bears’ to perform.

OUR WORK

Born Free has been working to protect wild and captive bears and seeks to end the confinement, exploitation and suffering of bears (and other wild animals) in zoos and circuses for human ‘entertainment’.

WE RAISE FUNDS TO SUPPORT . . .

 


RESCUE & CARE

Born Free supports the care of orphaned bear cubs saved from the dancing bear trade.

At the Arcturos Environmental Centre and Bear Sanctuary in Greece, we provide life time care and protection for rescued bears.

ARCTUROS BEAR SANCTUARY

UPDATE DIRECT TO YOUR INBOX

Sign up to get the latest Born Free news about our work and how you can help, delivered straight to your inbox.