A wild tiger walking on a forest pathway

Satpuda Landscape Tiger Partnership


The Satpuda Landscape Tiger Partnership (SLTP) aims to reduce threats facing tigers in India, and to promote human-tiger co-existence across a vast multi-use landscape.


A tiger illustration


Satpuda Landscape, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, Central India, Asia.

A tiger illustration


Leopards, sloth bears, dholes, gaur.

A tiger illustration


Human-tiger conflict; habitat loss and fragmentation; illegal hunting; prey depletion; construction of buildings and infrastructure such as railways.

A tiger illustration


Rural healthcare; conflict mitigation; conservation awareness; Tiger Ambassadors, landscape monitoring.

A tiger illustration


Bombay Natural History Society; Conservation Action Trust; the Corbett Foundation; Nature Conservation Society Amravati; Satpuda Foundation; Tiger Research and Conservation Trust; Wildlife Conservation Trust; Bagh Aap Aur Van; the Network for Conserving Central India, regional Forestry Departments, local communities.

A tiger illustration




A tiger walking through long grass

A wild tiger (c) Born Free

With just 3,726-5,578 (with a best estimate of 4,485) tigers left in the wild, and their numbers declining globally, the future for tigers in its natural habitat is precarious.

The Satpuda Landscape of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra offer perhaps the best hope for India’s wild tigers. This vast area in central India incorporates several tiger reserves including the Melghat Tiger Reserve, the Satpuda Tiger Reserve, the Kanha Tiger Reserve, the Pench Tiger Reserves, the Navegaon Nagzira Tiger Reserve and the Taboda Andhari Tiger Reserve.

Crucially, these tiger reserves are connected by forest corridors including the Satpuda-Melghat Corridor, the Pench-Satpuda Corridor, the Pench-Kanha Corridor, the Nagzira Corridor and the Taboda-Nagzira Corridor, making this the largest viable block of tiger habitat in India.

With decades of hard work, India is starting to see efforts pay off with tiger numbers increasing from a low of 1,600 a few decades ago to approximately 3,682 tigers in India today. However, as tiger numbers have increased, so have human populations and the pressures on suitable tiger habitat are burgeoning.

Human-tiger conflict, which is one of the greatest threats to tigers, is a growing problem as space is increasingly squeezed. People, livestock and tigers have all suffered in this conflict where tigers attack and kill livestock or pose a direct danger to people. Conflict decreases tolerance of wild animals amongst local communities, and can lead to retaliatory killings of tigers.

In response, Born Free and the University of Oxford’s WildCRU founded the Satpuda Landscape Tiger Partnership in 2004, with the mission of securing and preserving a significant stretch of continuous habitat across Central India, which accommodates the needs of people and nature to allow both to co-exist. Since it was founded, the partnership has now expanded to include nine non-governmental organisations.


A tiger illustration

To prevent, mitigate and respond to human-tiger conflict.

A tiger illustration

To maintain and restore suitable tiger habitat around and between established Tiger Reserves.

A tiger illustration

To increase the impact of local non-governmental organisations via information sharing and collaboration through the network.

To achieve these objectives, we carry out several key activities

Find out more about each of our objectives below.
A photo of a building with Mobile Health Unit signage

Mobile Health Unit ©Yashvardhan Dalmia

Access to healthcare can be poor in many rural parts of central India. In order to have a healthy tiger population and a healthy habitat, the health of people is essential. Access to proper healthcare not only improves well-being but also reduces reliance on natural resources. SLTP partner, the Nature Conservation Society Amravati, with support from the Satpuda Foundation, deploys Mobile Health Units in Pench Tiger Reserve to provide health care to rural community members and forest employees.

This initiative not only directly improves well-being, but also provides a safe space for people to talk about wildlife conservation and the challenges of living with tigers and it helps people access compensation schemes that are available to people affected by human-tiger conflict.

A field full of green crops

Green fodder growing as part of the stall-feeding project ©Yashvardhan Dalmia

Conflict often occurs when herders take their livestock into tiger habitat to graze. Tigers, following their natural instincts, may predate livestock and pose a direct danger to herders themselves. SLTP partner, the Corbett Foundation, implements a successful stall-feeding project in Kanha Tiger Reserve, which cultivates ‘green fodder’ (nutritious and fast-growing crops) to feed cattle.

Stall feeding means that herders do not have to graze their cattle in the forest and reduces the number of attacks. Excess green fodder also provides a supplementary income for local people, who can sell or trade it.

SLTP partner, the Bombay Natural History Society delivers a suite of conservation awareness programmes in the Taboda Andhari Tiger Reserve to educate young people on the importance of tigers in the ecosystem.

The team delivers summer camps, park visits, orientation programmes, exhibitions, wildlife ambassador programmes and lectures to educate groups most vulnerable to conflict with tigers, particularly women and cattle herders, on ways to reduce the likelihood of an attack. One innovative strategy they encourage is wearing facemasks on the back of the head, as tigers are ambush predators and much less likely to attack if they think they have been seen.

The Satpuda Foundation also carries out several conservation awareness activities in the Taboda Andhari Tiger Reserve. These include student education programmes incorporating games, slide shows and films, meetings with villages to discuss conservation initiatives and government schemes available, workshops on livestock-management and conservation-friendly practices, and sustainable livelihood training programmes.

A group of men sitting on the floor in a classroom, listening to a presentation

Tiger Ambassador awareness session © Yashvardhan Dalmia

Local people understand the issues and challenges of living alongside wildlife better than anybody else. SLTP partner, the Tiger Research and Conservation Trust, or TRACT, runs a Tiger Ambassador scheme in the Navegaon Nagzira Tiger Reserve and the Ghodajhari Wildlife Sanctuary. Ambassadors are recruited from villages surrounding the protected area and are trained to liaise between the community and TRACT, helping to raise awareness of conservation issues, assist community members in receiving compensation and gather information on human-carnivore conflicts.

Tiger Ambassadors facilitate village discussions about the movements of wildlife, conflict issues and strategies to enable co-existence.

Industrial and agricultural developments pose a significant threat to tigers as unsustainable human expansion eats up precious habitat and cuts off vital corridors. The Satpuda Foundation has created a Landscape Monitoring Unit, that works with policy makers to protect and improve corridors which connect tiger habitat across the Satpuda landscape.

They regularly make site visits and attend meetings with government officials and working groups to call for increased protection measures in range areas and along linear infrastructure, such as railways and roads. They input into Tiger Action Plans for tiger reserves, including Pench Tiger Reserve.

Satpuda Landscape Tiger Partnership holds an annual seminar, bringing its members – the nine non-governmental organisation partners, Born Free and independent advisors – together with officials from relevant government departments, and representatives from the National Tiger Conservation Authority. This unique platform allows the sharing of ideas and learnings, discussions around conservation issues and potential collaboration opportunities to maximise the impact of the partnership in protecting India’s tigers.


A close-up image of a tiger's face

(c) Wildlife SOS

We strive to ensure that all our conservation programmes are evidence based and that we can show the impact of our work. The network partners do this in several ways:  

  • The Bombay Natural History Society conducts tests for students engaged in the school awareness programmes before and after, to evaluate changes in attitudes towards wildlife and conservation, and knowledge about flora and fauna in their environment.
  • They also conduct before and after tests during their community orientation programmes, to evaluate changes in the understanding of the importance of the forest, the impact cattle grazing has on the degradation of the forest, and the impact of forest fires.
  • The Satpuda Foundation uses satellite imagery of the area they work in to monitor for changes in degradation of the forested area due to illegal tree felling, encroachment, and forest fires. They also monitor instances of tiger deaths in the project area, to ensure they are not the result of illegal killing. These monitoring activities give an indication of the impact of their conservation awareness activities in improving attitudes towards tigers and conservation.
  • The Corbett Foundation carries out veterinary check-ups on cattle that are involved in the stall-feeding project and compare results with cattle that are not involved in the project, to evaluate the impact of stall-feeding on the health and condition of the cattle.
  • They also survey households involved in the stall-feeding project, to monitor changes in the frequency of grazing cattle in the forest, where they are susceptible to attack from large carnivores, such as tigers.

Programme outputs and impact

In 2022-23, SLTP achieved:
A wild tiger walking on a forest pathway
  • 184 medical camps organised

    across 51 villages in three tiger reserves, reaching 5,894 patients

  • 71 households involved

    in the stall-feeding project, benefitting 257 cattle and 55 calves

  • 56 new Tiger Ambassadors

    selected and trained, across eight new villages

  • 38612 community members reached

    via conservation awareness programmes

    * Estimated



  • Thanks to conservation efforts, tiger numbers in India have doubled since 2006, to an estimated 3,167 tigers, according to the 2022 National Tiger Census.


  • Satpuda Landscape Tiger Partnership has expanded to include nine NGO partners working in India.
A tiger cooling off in a leafy pool of water

Donate and protect tigers

Giving a gift today will help Born Free continue our vital work to protect this iconic species.

Donate Today