Born Free has campaigned for decades for a ban on the use of wild animals in circuses in the UK.
In the UK, animal welfare is a devolved issue. This means that laws relating to animal welfare are developed and made by the relevant national parliaments of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, rather than across the entire UK. This, in turn, means that legislation governing the use of wild animals in circuses has differed between UK member countries over the years.
Thankfully England, Scotland and Wales now have legislation banning the use of wild animals in travelling circuses. Whilst Northern Ireland has no specific legislation banning wild animals in circuses; they currently have no circuses with wild animals.
In July 2019, the UK government passed a law banning the the use of wild animals in travelling circuses in England. The ban came into force on 20th January 2020.
Dr Chris Draper, Born Free’s Head of Animal Welfare & Captivity, said: "Born Free has been at the forefront of efforts to ban wild animals from circuses across the UK for decades, and it is with great relief we welcome this important news. We have been stalled and stymied by successive governments, but finally the right action has been taken to prevent the abuse of wild animals in circuses."
Virginia McKenna OBE, Born Free’s Co-Founder & Trustee added: “There can be few people who will not rejoice at the news that the government's much-delayed decision to ban the use of wild animals in travelling circuses has received Royal Assent and passed into law. At Born Free, we have been consistently trying to achieve this for many years, since our participation in the Parliamentary Circus Working Group in the mid 1990's. In fact, my first letter to former Prime Minister David Cameron on the subject was written over 10 years ago. At last it has brought an end to the prospect of life in the circus being inflicted on captive wild animals in the name of entertainment. I hope this will be the first step towards the banning of all forms of animal exploitation for fun.”
On 15th July 2020 the Wild Animals and Circuses (Wales) Bill passed its final stage, with members of the Senedd voting unanimously to implement a ban. The ban came into force on 1st December 2020.
Dr Chris Draper, Born Free’s Head of Animal Welfare & Captivity, said: “This is very welcome news. It has been a very long road, as Born Free has been at the heart of efforts to ban wild animals from travelling circuses across all UK countries for decades.
“We hope that this will serve as encouragement for the authorities in other countries in Europe, especially in France and Germany, to end the use of wild animals by their circus industries,” Dr Draper added.
Over the past few years more than 4,000 Born Free supporters sent an email to the Welsh government calling for a ban.
Wild animals in travelling circuses have been banned in Scotland since May 2018. Scotland was the first country in the UK to outlaw the practice.
The ban came into force on 28th May 2018, marking a successful end to a long campaign by Born Free and campaign partners including OneKind and Freedom for Animals.
Northern Ireland has not yet made any firm commitment on the use of wild animals in circuses, but has no resident circuses with wild animals. As bans are in place in the Republic of Ireland, Scotland, England, and Wales; the use of wild animals in the region appears unlikely.
Born Free continues to monitor this issue and will resume talks with relevant officials should the situation change.