The Leopard Family lives at Born Free’s big cat sanctuary at Shamwari Private Game Reserve, South Africa.
Brothers Sami and Alam were found abandoned in the Sudanese bush, thought to be just four months old. Leda and her daughter Rhea were born in captivity and rescued by Born Free following a long-running campaign. Sadly, the nature of their background means they would be unable to fend for themselves if released into the wild, so they are given expert, lifetime care in a spacious, safe and natural environment.
The Leopard Family enjoy bush enclosures several acres in size which are full of shrubs, trees and undergrowth to explore and shelter in. They also have specially-built platforms to view the hills and gullies at Shamwari. Predators need a good view of their surroundings for their mental well-being. Sadly, this is rarely catered for in zoos and can lead to compulsive, stereotypic behaviour.
Leopards are really adaptable and found in both savannah and forest environments. They have the widest range of any species of cat in Africa and Asia, but many populations in the wild are under threat due to poaching, habitat loss and competition with humans for space.
Leopards have a long tail and body with relatively short legs compared to other big cats, but can still run at up to 36mph. They are skilled hunters with lightning-speed reactions; aided by their camouflaged fur, big skull, strong jaw, acute hearing and excellent eyesight – six times better than humans. They are also superb climbers and often drag their kill into trees out of reach of other predators.
Leda is the oldest of our big cats at the sanctuary, she is calm and wise, and in tip-top condition despite being an astonishing 28 years old. Leda is always very aware of her surroundings. Even when she seems to be fast asleep she’ll be up and on her feet as soon as she hears an enticing sound – especially if a bird enters her enclosure. Leda often likes to sit right at the top of her jungle gym viewing platform so she has a clear 360 degree view of her surroundings. She really likes to know what’s going on. In comparison, Rhea is much shyer and loves to hide amongst the vegetation.
The brothers, Sami and Alam, have a close bond and spend most of their time together. Sometimes they can be seen grooming each other, yet at other times they will play rough and tumble like a couple of cubs.
Maggie Balaskas, Born Free’s Animal Rescue and Care Manager says: “When temperatures are hot, the affectionate brothers spend a lot of their time under the trees enjoying the shade, appearing now and again to have a drink from their water trough. They also enjoy climbing as high as they can on their jungle gym, before relaxing and having a snooze in the sunshine. Now and again, in turn, they stir from their sleep, open their eyes and have a good look around – before dozing off again.”
Help Born Free continue to look after the Leopard Family by adopting them today.