Born Free Foundation - Keep Wildlife in the Wild

TROPICAL RAINFOREST

Tropical rainforests provide homes for more plant and animals species than any other place on earth.  The climate in a tropical rainforest is almost always warm and damp.  The warm air is saturated with water vapour, which makes the forest ‘humid’.

Although it is often very sunny and rain falls almost every day, very little of the rain or sunshine reaches the forest floor. This is because the trees form a huge leaky ‘roof’ known as a canopy, with leaves for tiles; rainwater either runs down the trunk or drips off the leaves.

Tropical rainforest, Photo (c) Ben Britten

WHERE ON EARTH ARE THEY?

Most tropical rainforests are found in South America, Africa, Asia and Australia, in regions that are near the earth’s Equator. 

SOME OF THE ANIMALS FOUND IN TROPICAL RAINFORESTS

Asian Elephant
Orangutan
Tiger
Anteater
Jaguar



ISSUES & CHALLENGES

Tropical rainforests are home to more species of plant and animals than any other habitat on earth.  Traditionally forest people have also lived there for thousands of years with little impact, taking only what they need from the forest to survive.

Forest Destruction

Some of the trees within the rainforest are several hundred years old or more.  When such a tree is felled, it has a huge effect on all the wildlife that relied on it.  When whole areas are cut down, the impact on the landscape, the environment and the wildlife is devastating.

Tropical hard wood is used in many richer countries for furniture and construction materials. Areas of forest are also cleared for farming and cattle ranching.  However, the layer of fertile soil is very thin and can only be farmed for a couple of years before it has lost most of its nutrients and is exhausted. The farmer then has to move on and clear another section of the forest.

The wildlife that depends on the trees and plants to provide food and shelter may either find it very difficult to move to another untouched area or if they can move, may lead to overcrowding in smaller and smaller areas of remaining forest.

HOW YOU CAN HELP!

  • Promise not to buy wood or wood products from tropical forests unless it carries this Forestry Stewardship Council logo, which means that the wood has been harvested from properly managed forests.
Born Free Foundation
Broadlands Business Campus, Langhurstwood Road
, Horsham, RH12 4QP, UK - Charity Reg. No. 1070906


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