Temperate woodlands are mainly made up of deciduous tress that grow their leaves in the spring and drop them in autumn, as well as shrubs, grasses and many types of ferns and flowers.
Temperate woodlands are found in the areas of the world that have seasons of warm summers, short cold winters and rainfall levels that are generally steady throughout the year, such as Britain.
Nearly all the world’s temperate woodlands are in the Northern Hemisphere, the area of the planet north of the equator.
The largest areas of temperate woodland can be found in Europe, South-East China and Eastern America.
Temperate woodlands are one of the most fertile habitats on earth and for thousands of years such areas have been cleared to provide farmland, with felled trees being used in the construction of buildings, ships and for furniture and fuel.
Some of the remaining temperate woodlands have been badly affected by pollution, particularly acid rain. Poisonous fumes from factories, and the overuse of pesticides and fertilisers, can all damage the environment and cause the death of woodland plant and animal species.