Born Free Foundation - Keep Wildlife in the Wild

MOUNTAINS

The Earth’s ‘crust’ (top layer of land) has been moving very slowly in sections for millions of years.  As these sections move, they gradually push against one another and in some cases have formed mountain ranges, such as the Alps and Himalayas. Over millions of years, mountains are then ‘eroded’ (worn away) by wind, rain, ice and snow.  The mountains we see today look very different to when they were first formed.

Mountains, Photo (c) Bill Saturno

The climate of mountains varies according to where they are located, but all mountains tend to be warmer at the bottom than they are at the top.  Often, the winds are much stronger further up the mountain and the amount of oxygen in the air decreases.

WHERE ON EARTH ARE THEY?

Mountains can be found all over the world.  Examples include the Rocky mountains in America to the Himalayas in India to the Alps in Europe.

SOME OF THE ANIMALS FOUND IN MOUNTAINS

Snow leopard
Yak
Ibex
Bighorn sheep
Born Free Foundation
Broadlands Business Campus, Langhurstwood Road
, Horsham, RH12 4QP, UK - Charity Reg. No. 1070906


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