WHAT IS A HABITAT?
Animals come in a variety of different shapes, sizes and colours, classified as ‘species’. Each animal species lives in, or ‘inhabits’ a place that provides what it needs to survive, such as nourishment, shelter, an appropriate climate, space and an opportunity to meet potential mates. The area that provides all these essentials is an animal’s ‘habitat’.
Plants and animals are found in many different places throughout the world. They may inhabit: land or water; hot, dry deserts or the icy Antarctic; underground or the high branches of a tropical tree; mountain tops, the bottom of the deep ocean or the surface of a pebble in a shallow stream. Each living thing – or ‘organism’ - is suited to thriving in its particular habitat.