The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011
An evaluation of the implementation and enforcement of EC Directive 1999/22
Following the meeting with the Competent Authorities in France, post Report production, this statement offers a clarification of how the zoo selection was made.
As explained in many of the reports within The EU Zoo Inquiry project, due to an apparent localised misinterpretation of definitions and in some cases a lack of knowledge available within regional authorities, establishments that display wild animals to the public for seven days or more are not always identified as ‘zoos’ and are therefore, not licensed and regulated. In some cases there is due reason. Established criteria in the Member State can exempt certain establishments from regulation, but there are many cases where establishments have fallen through the legislative net. This potentially undermines the requirements of the EC Directive 1999/22. France is no exception. Despite a list of 300 zoos officially recognised by the French Government, the existence of numerous other lists of zoos in France, some listing over 900 zoos, caused doubt as to whether the official list was all inclusive. This was therefore taken into account when making the zoo selection for the study.
Due to the large numbers of zoos in France and the need to take into account the limited resources available for the study, a random selection of four regions was made from the total number of regions in France. From the selected regions, a total of 25 zoos were randomly selected. These zoos were visited and assessed against the requirements of French zoo law as part of this study.
It would appear from the findings that there is an inconsistency in the identification, licensing and inspection of zoos in France. Conditions for animals, for example, were often substandard. The Born Free Foundation and EBDCAP welcome the news that the Competent Authority plans to inspect the zoos selected in this study, but questions their decision to use the regional enforcement agencies, instead of an experienced and independent consultant. As with other Member States, the ability of enforcement agencies to effectively enforce the zoo legislation has been questioned.
For more information about The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011, please contact Daniel Turner, Project Manager at email@example.com