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Draper C (2016). Journal of Animal Welfare Law, Summer 2016: 16-18
Written for the European coalition ENDCAP by the Born Free Foundation
The use of wild animals for performance, particularly in travelling circuses, has been a major focus of concern for animal welfare advocates, vets and members of the public for decades. Work on this animal welfare issue has resulted in a number of countries prohibiting or restricting the use of some or all species of wild animal in travelling circuses, but wild animal performances in television and film, theatre, in zoos and dolphinaria has not received the same attention. This document reviews the current situation across EU countries and through advocacy, seeks an end to this exploitation of animals.
Wade A & Draper C (2016). Journal of Animal Welfare Law, February 2016: 24-28
“One Click Away: An Investigation into the Online Sale of Exotic Animals as Pets” Born Free Foundation & Blue Cross, 2015
An investigation providing an overview and analysis of the scale of the trade and keeping of exotic pets in Great Britain. Of the approximately 65 million animals kept as pets in the UK, a substantial proportion are exotic or wild animals, such as lizards, snakes, parrots and primates.
"Pet Shop Primates" - Born Free Foundation, 2014
Born Free Foundation commissioned an investigation into the sale of primates in licensed pet shops in England to contribute to a better understanding of the scale and scope of problems relating to the sale and keeping of primates as pets.
Temple of Lies – Tiger Temple – Care for the Wild International, 2013
A revisit, prompted by a wave of media concerns about the Tiger Temple, to see if things had changed, revealing animal welfare issues, risks to health and safety, and false marketing.
Exploiting the Tiger - Illegal Trade, Animal Cruelty and Tourists at Risk at the Tiger Temple – Care for the Wild International, 2008
Undercover report using information gathered from a variety of sources between 2005 and 2008, which uncovered disturbing evidence of serious conservation and animal welfare concerns.
"Innocent Prisoner" - Born Free Foundation, 2013
Born Free Foundation Report, Innocent Prisoner, reveals ongoing misery of solitary elephants in European Zoos and Circuses, and marks the 30th anniversary of the death of the last African elephant at London Zoo, a tragedy that led to the founding of the animal charity.
Draper C, Browne W & Harris S (2013). Animals 3: 1058-1072
An analysis and comparison of reports from consecutive inspections of 136 British zoos examining whether animal welfare standards were being met.
Glanville G & Draper C (2013). Journal of Licensing, March 2013: 23-26
A review and discussion of the current Zoo Licensing System and its enforcement by local authorities. The paper examines the assessment of animal welfare by Government-appointed inspectors in British zoos and presents evidence that suggests changes need to be made to the inspection process.
Draper C & Harris S (2012). Animals 2: 507-528
An analysis of the reports of government-appointed inspectors from 192 British zoos, highlighting a number of concerns about the inspection process itself, and identifying areas where changes would lead to improvements in both the inspection process and the ability to monitor animal welfare standards in zoos.
Draper CJ (2011). Journal of Animal Welfare Law, March 2011: 20-21
A review and discussion of the zoo licensing and inspection system, and the welfare of animals in UK zoos
Born Free Foundation and ENDCAP, 2011
The EU Zoo Inquiry 2011 is the most extensive investigation into zoo regulation in Europe to date. Involving visits to 21 EU countries and a total of 200 zoos, this project has produced a series of reports aimed at evaluating the implementation and enforcement of the EC Directive 1999/22 (relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos), its transposition into national law, national enforcement of that law and the status and performance of zoos in compliance with their legal requirements.
Born Free Foundation and ENDCAP, 2009
Document outlining the measures that could facilitate better care and welfare for the thousands of wild animals held in captive conditions in Europe
Born Free Foundation, DEPANA & ANDA, 2009
A review of the status and performance of zoos in Valencia following the implementation of the EU Directive 1999/22/EC relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos and the Spanish national law 31/2003.
Born Free Foundation, DEPANA & ANDA, 2008
A review of the status and performance of zoos in the Canary Islands following the implementation of the EU Directive 1999/22/EC relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos and the Spanish national law 31/2003.
Born Free Foundation, DEPANA & Eurogroup for Animals (InfoZoos), 2006.
A review of the status and performance of Spanish zoos following the implementation of the EU Directive 1999/22/EC relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos and the Spanish national law 31/2003.
Born Free Foundation and RSPCA, 2006.
Contemporary and accurate information as to the state of UK circuses with wild animals; the animals and conditions under which they are kept and perform; an overview of circus legislation worldwide; and a review of species-specific guidance.
Published prior to the implementation of the Animal Welfare Act 2006 and the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006, the report was initially launched at the House of Commons on 18th January 2006, followed by further presentations in the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly. Providing empirical evidence that, as a priority, all wild animals should be banned from use in circuses in the UK, the Report was aimed primarily at politicians.
Campaign Document, Born Free Foundation, 2001.
A summary of the status and performance of UK zoos at the end of the 20th Century that raised important questions about their role in conservation and implications to animal and public health and safety.
Born Free Foundation, RSPCA, CIEH, ACP, WildCru & BVA (Circus Working Group), 1998.
Encompassing two years of investigation into the welfare of animals in circuses in England and Wales, this report examined legislation, practice and theory relating to the welfare and management of all circus animals. The report was undertaken by the Circus Working Group, an informal body convened by the All Party Parliamentary Group for Animal Welfare.
Born Free Foundation and WSPA, 1994.
An investigation into the role of zoos: examining the reasons given for keeping wild animals in captivity, and exposing the conditions under which animals are kept. The report highlighted welfare implications of captivity together with conservation and education issues.
“The Zoochotic Report”
Zoo Check Charitable Trust (now the Born Free Foundation), 1993.
Video observations by the late Bill Travers, taken over 3 years in over 100 zoos in Europe, North America and the Far East, the Zoochotic Report raised serious concern about the effects of captivity on wild animals. The Report helped form the philosophies for the Foundation and its animal welfare objectives.
“In every zoo I visited when compiling the Zoochotic Report, I witnessed some sort of abnormal behaviour” Bill Travers, Co-Founder of Zoo Check
“European Survey of Zoos”
Zoo Check Charitable Trust (now the Born Free Foundation), 1988.
The first Europe-wide investigation into the numbers and types of zoological collections to be found within the EU. Previous best estimates had put the number at less than three hundred. ESOZ located over 1,000 zoos and it was this evidence that helped persuade the European Commission that pan-European zoo legislation was required rather than just individual national law.
Paul Horsman for the Zoo Check Charitable Trust (now the Born Free Foundation), 1986
An investigation into the plight of polar bears in captivity in the UK and Ireland.
The report showed that 60% of bears observed showed signs of abnormal behaviour, believed to be the induced by their captivity.