Born Free Foundation - Keep Wildlife in the Wild


The IUCN1 Red List of Threatened Species classifies the Bornean orangutan Pongo pygmaeus as ‘Endangered’; recent estimates put the global population in the magnitude of 45,000-69,000 individuals, but there has been an estimated decline of 50% within the last 60 years. The Sumatran orangutan Pongo abelii is classified as ‘Critically Endangered’ and is thus considered to be facing an ‘extremely high risk of extinction in the wild’. It is now estimated that only just over 7,000 individuals survive and the species has declined by 80% in the last 75 years.

1International Union for Conservation of Nature


Both orangutan species are listed in Appendix I. Appendix I includes species that are threatened with extinction and that are or may be affected by international trade. Commercial international trade in species listed on Appendix I is prohibited.

2The United Nations Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) is an international agreement between governments which provides varying levels of protection for species that are or may be in danger of extinction from international trade.
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